Neurodiversity ND

Neurodiversity…ND    Neurodiversity ND

Caroline Goldsmith

Neurocosmopolitanism a site dedicated to furthering understanding of Neurodiversity ND gives as few Basic Terms & Definitions

New paradigms often require a bit of new language. This is certainly the case with the Neurodiversity ND paradigm – even the word neurodiversity itself is still relatively new, dating back only to the late 1990s.

The author says “I see many people – scholars, journalists, bloggers, internet commenters, and even people who identify as Neurodiversity ND activists – get confused about the terminology around neurodiversity” The misunderstanding and incorrect usage of certain terms often results in poor and clumsy communication of the message, and propagation of further confusion (including other confused people imitating their errors).

For those of us who seek to propagate and build upon the Neurodiversity ND paradigm – especially those of us who are producing writing on neurodiversity – it’s vital that we maintain some basic clarity and consistency of language, for the sake of effective communication among ourselves and with our broader audiences. Clarity of language supports clarity of understanding.

What It Means:

Neurodiversity ND is the diversity of human brains and minds – the infinite variation in neurocognitive functioning within our species.

What It Doesn’t Mean:

Neurodiversity is a biological fact. It’s not a perspective, an approach, a belief, a political position, or a paradigm. That’s the neurodiversity paradigm (see below), not neurodiversity itself.

Neurodiversity is not a political or social activist movement. That’s theNeurodiversity Movement (see below), not neurodiversity itself.

Neurodiversity ND is not a trait that any individual possesses. Diversity is a trait possessed by a group, not an individual. When an individual diverges from the dominant societal standards of “normal” neurocognitive functioning, they don’t “have neurodiversity,” they’re neurodivergent(see below)

Example of Correct Usage:

“Our school offers multiple learning strategies to accommodate the neurodiversity of our student body.”

Examples of Incorrect Usage:

“Neurodiversity claims that…”
This writer is actually trying to talk about either the neurodiversity paradigm or the Neurodiversity Movement. Neurodiversity, as a biological characteristic of the species, can’t “claim” anything, any more than variations in human skin pigmentation can “claim” something.

“Neurodiversity is a load of nonsense.”
Really? So human brains and minds don’t differ from one another? There’s an awful lot of scientific evidence that shows quite plainly that there’s considerable variation among human brains. And if we all thought alike, the world would be a very different place indeed. The person who wrote this sentence was probably trying to object to the neurodiversity paradigmand/or the positions of the Neurodiversity Movement, and has ended up sounding rather silly as a result of failing to distinguish between these things and the phenomenon of neurodiversity itself.

“My neurodiversity makes it hard for me to cope with school.”
The correct word here would be neurodivergence, rather than neurodiversity. Individuals diverge; groups are diverse.

Caroline Goldsmith – 087 387 6841

Aspergers Syndrome

Aspergers Syndrome is increasingly being noticed in later life according to Waterford Psychology a national assessment service…   Aspergers Syndrome

Caroline  Goldsmith

People often think “I have managed up until now and I don’t need any help so why get a diagnosis now?” and “do I want to know if I have Aspergers Syndrome?”

This is a question that often comes up and the answer simply is that managing is not really living now is it?

Being able to get past things or get through the day or coping is less than the truly happy, content and fulfilled life you deserve.  The life you may see other people having and wonder why can’t that be me?

Getting into a program now can assist you to fulfil your dreams and goals and to gain inner peace and happiness.  You can get a rest from the constant turmoil of inner stress and never feeling that you are on top of life or that you have a value.

Anxiety drives thoughts to be always productive, measuring up and always on call which produces the stress you feel. Ruminating on such thoughts produces anxiety cycles.  Perhaps you never understood where those thoughts come from or you may think that everyone has them or that you are the only person who thinks like that.

Anxiety is often the driving factor that makes people think of getting an assessment as they know that the Anxiety is a symptom and not the whole picture.

If you stop and look up you will see that you have an amazing amount of productivity in various avenues that probably gives everyone around you a lot of satisfaction and help but you don’t feel the benefit of it.

Diagnosis is the start of the rest of your life which can be lived in a much more self satisfying and content way with interventions that come after the diagnostic process.

Call to talk to someone who really does understand your motivations and challenges… 087 387 6841

PDA Pathological Demand Avoidance

PDA Pathological Demand Avoidance according to the National Autistic Society is now considered part of the Autism Spectrum.  PDA Pathological Demand Avoidance

Caroline Goldsmith

PDA Pathological Demand Avoidance is now considered to be part of the autism spectrum. Individuals with PDA share difficulties with others on the autism spectrum in social aspects of interaction, communication and imagination. However, the central difficulty for people with PDA is the way they are driven to avoid demands and expectations. This is because they have an anxiety based need to be in control.

People with PDA seem to have a better social understanding and communication skills than others on the spectrum and are able to use this to their advantage.

The main features of PDA Pathological Demand Avoidance are:

  • resists and avoids the ordinary demands of life
  • appearing sociable, but lacking depth in understanding
  • excessive mood swings and impulsivity
  • comfortable in role play and pretend, sometimes to an extreme extent
  • language delay, often with good degree of catch-up
  • obsessive behaviour, often focussed on people.

As the term spectrum suggests, individuals are affected in different ways and to varying degrees.

Autism Assessment   Professional Bodies   Competencies

Articles and Publications  Caroline Goldsmith

Assessments call – 087 387 6841

Often in cases of PDA there will have been a passive early history, but this is not always the case. It is believed that there may be neurological involvement in some cases, with a higher than usual incidence of clumsiness and other soft neurological signs.

Other children and young people on the autism spectrum can display one or more of the features of PDA. When many occur together it is helpful to use the PDA diagnosis, as the strategies and interventions that help a person with PDA differ to those that benefit others on the autism spectrum.

People with PDA can be controlling and dominating, especially when they feel anxious. However, they can be enigmatic and charming when they feel secure and in control. Many parents describe their child with PDA as a ‘Jekyll and Hyde’ character. It is important to acknowledge that these children have a hidden disability. Many parents of children with PDA feel that they have been wrongly accused of poor parenting through lack of understanding about the condition. These parents will need a lot of support, as their children can often present severe behavioural challenges.

People with PDA are likely to need a lot of support into their adult life. Limited evidence so far suggests that the earlier the diagnosis and the better support that they have, the more able and independent they are likely to become.